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Increased Classical Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Is Sufficient to Reduce Chondrocyte Proliferation Rate in the Growth Plate and Decrease Bone Growth

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Michael Briggs

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

Mutations in genes encoding cartilage oligomeric matrix protein and matrilin-3 cause a spectrum of chondrodysplasias called multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) and pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH). The majority of these diseases feature classical endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) as a result of misfolding of the mutant protein. However, the importance and the pathological contribution of ER stress in the disease pathogenesis are unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the generic role of ER stress and the UPR in the pathogenesis of these diseases. A transgenic mouse line (ColllTg(cog)) was generated using the collagen II promoter to drive expression of an ER stress-inducing protein (Tg(cog)) in chondrocytes. The skeletal and histological phenotypes of these ColllTg(cog) mice were characterised. The expression and intracellular retention of Tg(cog) induced ER stress and activated the UPR as characterised by increased BiP expression, phosphorylation of eIF2 alpha and spliced Xbp1. ColllTg(cog) mice exhibited decreased long bone growth and decreased chondrocyte proliferation rate. However, there was no disruption of chondrocyte morphology or growth plate architecture and perturbations in apoptosis were not apparent. Our data demonstrate that the targeted induction of ER stress in chondrocytes was sufficient to reduce the rate of bone growth, a key clinical feature associated with MED and PSACH, in the absence of any growth plate dysplasia. This study establishes that classical ER stress is a pathogenic factor that contributes to the disease mechanism of MED and PSACH. However, not all the pathological features of MED and PSACH were recapitulated, suggesting that a combination of intra- and extra-cellular factors are likely to be responsible for the disease pathology as a whole


Publication metadata

Author(s): Kung LHW, Rajpar MH, Preziosi R, Briggs MD, Boot-Handford RP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: PLoS ONE

Year: 2015

Volume: 10

Issue: 2

Online publication date: 18/02/2015

Acceptance date: 17/12/2014

Date deposited: 18/09/2015

ISSN (electronic): 1932-6203

Publisher: Public Library of Science

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117016

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0117016


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