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Scattering length of Andreev reflection from quantized vortices in 3He-B

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Yuri Sergeev, Professor Carlo Barenghi, Dr Nugzar Suramlishvili

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Abstract

Andreev reflection of thermal quasiparticles from quantized vortices is an important technique to visualize quantum turbulence in low temperature 3He-B. We revisit a problem of Andreev reflection from the isolated, rectilinear vortex line. For quasiparticle excitations whose impact parameters, defined as distances of the closest approach to the vortex core, do not exceed some arbitrary value b, we calculate exactly the reflected fraction of the total flux of excitations incident upon the vortex in the direction orthogonal to the vortex line.We then define and calculate exactly, as a function of b, the scattering length, that is the scattering cross section per unit length of the vortex line. We also define and calculate the scattering lengths for the flux of energy carried by thermal excitations, and for the net energy flux resulting from a (small) temperature gradient, and analyze the dependence of these scattering lengths on temperature.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Sergeev YA, Barenghi CF, Fisher SN, Tsepelin V, Suramlishvili N

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Physical Review B

Year: 2015

Volume: 91

Issue: 13

Print publication date: 01/04/2015

Online publication date: 16/04/2015

Acceptance date: 02/04/2015

ISSN (print): 1098-0121

ISSN (electronic): 1550-235X

Publisher: American Physical Society

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.91.134507

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.91.134507


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