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Selective and Highly Efficient Hydrogen Peroxide-Mediated Oxidation of Sulfides in Batch and Continuous Flow using Styrene-Based Polymer Immobilised Ionic Liquid Phase Supported Peroxotungstates

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Simon Doherty, Dr Julian Knight, Dr Michael Carroll, Ashley Clemmet, Jack Ellison, Tom Backhouse

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


Abstract

Styrene-based peroxotungstate-modified polymer immobilized ionic liquid phase catalysts [PO4{WO(O2)2}4]@ImPIILP (Im = imidazolium) are remarkably efficient systems for the selective oxidation of sulfides under mild conditions both in batch and as a segmented or continuous flow process using either ethanol or acetonitrile as solvent or mobile phase, respectively. The performance of these styrene-based systems has been compared against their Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerisation derived counterparts to assess their relative merits. A comparative survey revealed catalyst supported on N-benzyl imidazolium decorated polymer immobilised ionic liquid to be the most efficient and a cartridge packed with a mixture of [PO4{WO(O2)2}4]@ImPIILP and silica operated as a segmented or continuous flow system giving good conversions and high selectivity for sulfoxide. The immobilised catalyst remained highly active for the sulfoxidation of thioanisole in ethanol with a stable conversion-selectivity profile for up to 8 h under continuous flow operation; for comparison conversions with a mixture of [NBu4]3[PO4{WO(O2)2}4] and silica dropped dramatically after only 15 min as a result of rapid leaching while [PO4{WO(O2)2}4]@ImPIILP prepared from commercially available Merrifield resin also gave consistently lower conversions; these benchmark comparisons serve to underpin the potential benefits of preparing the polymer immobilized ionic liquid supports.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Doherty S, Knight JG, Carroll MA, Clemmet AR, Ellison JR, Backhouse T, Holmes N, Bourne RA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: RSC Advances

Year: 2016

Volume: 6

Pages: 73118-73131

Online publication date: 22/07/2016

Acceptance date: 15/07/2016

ISSN (electronic): 2046-2069

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C6RA11157B

DOI: 10.1039/C6RA11157B


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