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Heat utilisation technologies: A critical review of heat pipes

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Chian Chan, Eric Siqueiros Valencia, Dr Janie Ling Chin, Dr Mohammad Royapoor, Professor Tony Roskilly

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Abstract

In electrical or thermal appliances, heat (thermal energy) must either be added into or removed from a system to maintain operational stability. Heat pipes can enhance the heat transfer capabilities without needing a significant temperature gradient between heat sources and heat sinks. The effectiveness of heat pipes is due to the latent heat of phase change of the working fluid within (i) condensation and (ii) evaporation stages. The latent heat of phase change greatly exceeds the sensible heat capacity. Heat pipes may rely on gravity, wicks, centrifugal force or in some cases even a magnetic field to help return condensate flow from the condenser to the evaporator. Wicks in heat pipes are classified into three groups: sintered, groove and mesh types. This review attempts to cover various types of heat pipes such as thermal diodes, variable conductance, pulsating, etc. The application of nanotechnology in heat pipes can be separated into two groups: nanoparticles and nanobubbles, with the latter receiving considerably less attention than the former. The hybridisation of heat pipe technology is also possible and has been discussed along with its future research potential. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Chan CW, Siqueiros E, Ling-Chin J, Royapoor M, Roskilly AP

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

Year: 2015

Volume: 50

Pages: 615-627

Print publication date: 01/10/2015

Online publication date: 29/05/2015

Acceptance date: 09/05/2015

ISSN (print): 1364-0321

ISSN (electronic): 1879-0690

Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.05.028

DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.05.028


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