Lookup NU author(s): Dr Mario Abinun,
Professor Roderick Skinner,
Dr Venetia Bigley
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
Background: Hyperzincemia and hypercalprotectinemia (Hz/Hc) is a distinct autoinflammatory entity involving extremely high serum concentrations of the proinflammatory alarmin myeloid-related protein (MRP) 8/14 (S100A8/S100A9 and calprotectin).Objective: We sought to characterize the genetic cause and clinical spectrum of Hz/Hc.Methods: Proline-serine-threonine phosphatase-interacting protein 1 (PSTPIP1) gene sequencing was performed in 14 patients with Hz/Hc, and their clinical phenotype was compared with that of 11 patients with pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, and acne (PAPA) syndrome. PSTPIP1-pyrin interactions were analyzed by means of immunoprecipitation and Western blotting. A structural model of the PSTPIP1 dimer was generated. Cytokine profiles were analyzed by using the multiplex immunoassay, and MRP8/14 serum concentrations were analyzed by using an ELISA.Results: Thirteen patients were heterozygous for a missense mutation in the PSTPIP1 gene, resulting in a p.E250K mutation, and 1 carried a mutation resulting in p. E257K. Both mutations substantially alter the electrostatic potential of the PSTPIP1 dimer model in a region critical for protein-protein interaction. Patients with Hz/Hc have extremely high MRP8/14 concentrations (2045 +/- 1300 mu g/mL) compared with those with PAPA syndrome (116 +/- 74 mu g/mL) and have a distinct clinical phenotype. A specific cytokine profile is associated with Hz/Hc. Hz/Hc mutations altered protein binding of PSTPIP1, increasing interaction with pyrin through phosphorylation of PSTPIP1.Conclusion: Mutations resulting in charge reversal in the y-domain of PSTPIP1 (E -> K) and increased interaction with pyrin cause a distinct autoinflammatory disorder defined by clinical and biochemical features not found in patients with PAPA syndrome, indicating a unique genotype-phenotype correlation for mutations in the PSTPIP1 gene. This is the first inborn autoinflammatory syndrome in which inflammation is driven by uncontrolled release of members of the alarmin family.
Author(s): Holzinger D, Fassl SK, de Jager W, Lohse P, Rohrig UF, Gattorno M, Omenetti A, Chiesa S, Schena F, Austermann J, Vogl T, Kuhns DB, Holland SM, Rodriguez-Gallego C, Lopez-Almaraz R, Arostegui JI, Colino E, Roldan R, Fessatou S, Isidor B, Poignant S, Ito K, Epple HJ, Bernstein JA, Jeng M, Frankovich J, Lionetti G, Church JA, Ong PY, LaPlant M, Abinun M, Skinner R, Bigley V, Sachs UJ, Hinze C, Hoppenreijs E, Ehrchen J, Foell D, Chae JJ, Ombrello A, Aksentijevich I, Sunderkoetter C, Roth J
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Print publication date: 01/11/2015
Online publication date: 27/05/2015
Acceptance date: 08/04/2015
ISSN (print): 0091-6749
ISSN (electronic): 1097-6825
Altmetrics provided by Altmetric