Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jacek Cala,
Dr Yaobo Xu,
Dr Paolo Missier
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Dataflow-style workflows offer a simple, high-level programming model for flexible prototyping of scientific applications as an attractive alternative to low-level scripting. At the same time, workflow management systems (WFMS) may support data parallelism over big datasets by providing scalable, distributed deployment and execution of the workflow over a cloud infrastructure. In theory, the combination of these properties makes workflows a natural choice for implementing Big Data processing pipelines, common for instance in bioinformatics. In practice, however, correct workflow design for parallel Big Data problems can be complex and very time-consuming. In this paper we present our experience in porting a genomics data processing pipeline from an existing scripted implementation deployed on a closed HPC cluster, to a workflow-based design deployed on the Microsoft Azure public cloud. We draw two contrasting and general conclusions from this project. On the positive side, we show that our solution based on the e-Science Central WFMS and deployed in the cloud clearly outperforms the original HPC-based implementation achieving up to 2.3x speed-up. However, in order to deliver such performance we describe the importance of optimising the workflow deployment model to best suit the characteristics of the cloud computing infrastructure. The main reason for the performance gains was the availability of fast, node-local SSD disks delivered by D-series Azure VMs combined with the implicit use of local disk resources by e-Science Central workflow engines. These conclusions suggest that, on parallel Big Data problems, it is important to couple understanding of the cloud computing architecture and its software stack with simplicity of design, and that further efforts in automating parallelisation of complex pipelines are required.
Author(s): Cala J, Marei E, Xu Y, Takeda K, Missier P
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Future Generation Computer Systems
Print publication date: 01/12/2016
Online publication date: 28/01/2016
Acceptance date: 04/01/2016
ISSN (print): 0167-739X
ISSN (electronic): 1872-7115
Notes: Special Issue: Big Data in the Cloud
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