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Mosaicking of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Imagery in the Absence of Camera Poses

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jianliang Ou, Professor Jon Mills

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

The mosaicking of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) imagery usually requires information from additional sensors, such as Global Position System (GPS) and Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU), to facilitate direct orientation, or 3D reconstruction approaches (e.g., structure-from-motion) to recover the camera poses. In this paper, we propose a novel mosaicking method for UAV imagery in which neither direct nor indirect orientation procedures are required. Inspired by the embedded deformation model, a widely used non-rigid mesh deformation model, we present a novel objective function for image mosaicking. Firstly, we construct a feature correspondence energy term that minimizes the sum of the squared distances between matched feature pairs to align the images geometrically. Secondly, we model a regularization term that constrains the image transformation parameters directly by keeping all transformations as rigid as possible to avoid global distortion in the final mosaic. Experimental results presented herein demonstrate that the accuracy of our method is twice as high as an existing (purely image-based) approach, with the associated benefits of significantly faster processing times and improved robustness with respect to reference image selection.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Xu Y, Ou J, He H, Zhang X, Mills J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Remote Sensing

Year: 2016

Volume: 8

Issue: 3

Pages: 16

Online publication date: 02/03/2016

Acceptance date: 17/02/2016

Date deposited: 02/03/2016

ISSN (electronic): 2072-4292

Publisher: MDPI

URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.3390/rs8030204

DOI: 10.3390/rs8030204


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