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A polytetrafluoroethylene porous membrane and dimethylhexadecylamine quaternized poly (vinyl benzyl chloride) composite membrane for intermediate temperature fuel cells

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Yuancheng Cao, Professor Keith Scott

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Abstract

A composite material for phosphoric acid (PA) loaded membrane was prepared using a porous polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) thin film. N, N-Dimethylhexadecylamine partially quaternized poly (vinyl benzyl chloride) (qPVBzCI(-)) was synthesized as the substrate for the phosphoric acid loaded polymer membrane. SEM observation indicated that the pores were filled with the qPVBzCI(-). The maximum PA loading level was calculated to be 4.67-5.12 per repeat unit on average. TGA results showed that resultant composite membrane was stable in the intermediate temperature from 100 degrees C to 200 degrees C. The composite membrane tensile stress was 56.23 MPa, and the Young's Modulus was 0.25 GPa, and the fractured elongation was 23%. The conductivity of the composite membrane after the PA addition (H3PO4@PTFE/qPVBzCI(-)) increased from 0.085 S cm(-1) to 0.11 S cm(-1) from 105 degrees C to 180 degrees C. The peak power density of the H-2/O-2 at 175 degrees C under low humidity condition (<1%) for H3PO4@PTFE/qPVBzCI(-)membranes was 360 mW cm(-2). (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Cao YC, Xu CX, Zou LL, Scott K, Liu JY

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Power Sources

Year: 2015

Volume: 294

Pages: 691-695

Print publication date: 30/10/2015

Online publication date: 07/07/2015

Acceptance date: 24/06/2015

ISSN (print): 0378-7753

ISSN (electronic): 1873-2755

Publisher: Elsevier

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.06.113

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.06.113


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