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Community structure and diversity of scavenging amphipods from bathyal to hadal depths in three South Pacific Trenches

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Thomas Linley, Dr Alan Jamieson

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Abstract

There are few biological datasets that span large bathymetric ranges with sufficient resolution to identify trends across the abyssal and hadal transition zone, particularly over multiple trenches. Here, scavenging Amphipoda were collected from three trenches in the South Pacific Ocean at bathyal to hadal depths. Diversity and community structure were examined from stations within the Kermadec Trench (1490– 9908 m) and NewHebrides Trench (2000–6948 m) and additional data were included from the South Fiji Basin (4000 m) and Peru-Chile Trench (4602–8074 m). The hadal community structure of the Kermadec and New Hebrides trenches were distinct from the surrounding abyssal and bathyal depths and corre- lated to hydrostatic pressure and POC flux. Low POC flux in the NewHebrides Trench and South Fiji Basin best explained the dissimilarity in abyssal community structure from those of the disparate Kermadec and Peru-Chile trenches. POC flux also best explained patterns in hadal community structure with the Kermadec and New Hebrides Trench communities showing greater similarity to each other than to the eutrophic Peru-Chile Trench. Hydrostatic pressure was the strongest driver of intra-trench assemblage composition in all trench environments. A unimodal pattern of species diversity, peaking between 4000 and 5000 m, was best explained by hydrostatic pressure and temperature.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Lacey NC, Rowden AA, Clark MR, Kilgallen NM, Linley TD, Mayor DJ, Jamieson AJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers

Year: 2016

Volume: 111

Pages: 121-137

Print publication date: 01/05/2016

Online publication date: 26/02/2016

Acceptance date: 23/02/2016

ISSN (print): 0967-0637

ISSN (electronic): 1879-0119

Publisher: Elsevier

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2016.02.014

DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr.2016.02.014


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