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Klinefelter's syndrome (47,XXY) is in excess among men with Sjögren's syndrome

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Fai Ng

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Abstract

Primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) has a strong female bias. We evaluated an X chromosome dose effect by analyzing 47,XXY (Klinefelter's syndrome, 1 in 500 live male births) among subjects with pSS. 47,XXY was determined by examination of fluorescence intensity of single nucleotide polymorphisms from the X and Y chromosomes. Among 136 pSS men there were 4 with 47,XXY. This was significantly different from healthy controls (1 of 1254 had 47)0(Y, p = 0.0012 by Fisher's exact test) as well men with rheumatoid arthritis (0 of 363 with 47,XXY), but not different compared to men with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (4 of 136 versus 8 of 306, Fisher's exact test p = NS). These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the number of X chromosomes is critical for the female bias of pSS, a property that may be shared with SLE but not RA. Published by Elsevier Inc.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Harris VM, Sharma R, Cavett J, Kurien BT, Liu K, Koelsch KA, Rasmussen A, Radfar L, Lewis D, Stone DU, Kaufman CE, Li SB, Segal B, Wallace DJ, Weisman MH, Venuturupalli S, Kelly JA, Alarcon-Riquelme ME, Pons-Estel B, Jonsson R, Lu X, Gottenberg JE, Anaya JM, Cunninghame-Graham DS, Huang AJW, Brennan MT, Hughes P, Alevizos I, Miceli-Richard C, Keystone EC, Bykerk VP, Hirschfield G, Xie G, Ng WF, Nordmark G, Bucher SM, Eriksson P, Omdal R, Rhodus NL, Rischmueller M, Rohrer M, Wahren-Herlenius M, Witte T, Mariette X, Lessard CJ, Harley JB, Sivils KL, Scofield RH

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Clinical Immunology

Year: 2016

Volume: 168

Pages: 25-29

Print publication date: 01/07/2016

Online publication date: 22/04/2016

Acceptance date: 06/04/2016

ISSN (print): 1521-6616

ISSN (electronic): 1521-7035

Publisher: Academic Press

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clim.2016.04.002

DOI: 10.1016/j.clim.2016.04.002


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