Lookup NU author(s): Dr Mohamed Rouainia,
Dr Gaetano Elia,
Dr Stelios Panayides
This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by American Society of Civil Engineers, 2017.
For re-use rights please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
The work investigates the behaviour of a deep excavation which forms part of a 100 m wide basement excavation located in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Two different types of tied back retaining walls were used, i.e. a soldier pile tremie concrete wall and a traditional reinforced concrete diaphragm wall. The glacial marine clay (Boston Blue Clay) deposit was modelled with the Kinematic Hardening Model for Structured soils (KHSM), its reduced bubble model version (KHM) and the well-known Modified Cam Clay (MCC) model. The difference between the models is the prediction of softening with loss of structure as plastic strains occur. The values of the optimised soil parameters used in the simulations were obtained by a careful calibration of the models against a range of advanced laboratory and field tests performed at the site. Comparison of the available horizontal wall movements monitoring data with the undrained finite element predictions revealed a very satisfactory agreement when the KHM was used in conjunction with a small-strain elastic formulation. The relatively small increase in lateral wall deflection in the presence of initial structure accounted for in the KHSM confirms that the small-strain properties of the soil control the magnitude of excavation deformations. Finally, using a coupled-consolidation analysis and the KHSM, an excellent agreement between the observed and measured pore water pressures and ground movements of the excavation base was achieved.
Author(s): Rouainia M, Elia G, Panayides S, Scott P
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Print publication date: 01/05/2017
Online publication date: 01/02/2017
Acceptance date: 20/09/2016
Date deposited: 20/09/2016
ISSN (print): 1090-0241
ISSN (electronic): 1943-5606
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
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