Lookup NU author(s): Professor Peter Anderson,
Professor Eileen Kaner,
Professor Dorothy Newbury-Birch,
Dr Kathryn Parkinson
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
Background: Brief interventions in primary healthcare are cost-effective in reducing drinking problems but poorly implemented in routine practice. Although evidence about implementing brief interventions is growing, knowledge is limited with regard to impact of initial role security and therapeutic commitment on brief intervention implementation.Methods: In a cluster randomised factorial trial, 120 primary healthcare units (PHCUs) were randomised to eight groups: care as usual, training and support, financial reimbursement, and the opportunity to refer patients to an internet-based brief intervention (e-BI); paired combinations of these three strategies, and all three strategies combined. To explore the impact of initial role security and therapeutic commitment on implementing brief interventions, we performed multilevel linear regression analyses adapted to the factorial design.Results: Data from 746 providers from 120 PHCUs were included in the analyses. Baseline role security and therapeutic commitment were found not to influence implementation of brief interventions. Furthermore, there were no significant interactions between these characteristics and allocated implementation groups.Conclusions: The extent to which providers changed their brief intervention delivery following experience of different implementation strategies was not determined by their initial attitudes towards alcohol problems. In future research, more attention is needed to unravel the causal relation between practitioners' attitudes, their actual behaviour and care improvement strategies to enhance implementation science.
Author(s): Keurhorst M, Anderson P, Heinen M, Bendtsen P, Baena B, Brzózka K, Colom J, Deluca P, Drummond C, Kaner E, Kłoda K, Mierzecki A, Newbury-Birch D, Okulicz-Kozaryn K, Palacio-Vieira J, Parkinson K, Reynolds J, Ronda G, Segura L, Słodownik L, Spak F, van Steenkiste B, Wallace P, Wolstenholme A, Wojnar M, Gual A, Laurant M, Wensing M
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Implementation Science
Online publication date: 16/07/2016
Acceptance date: 07/07/2016
Date deposited: 12/10/2016
ISSN (electronic): 1748-5908
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
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