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Impact of the financial crisis on cross-border mergers and acquisitions and concentration in the global banking industry

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Rekha Nicholson



The global banking industry has seen dramatic changes in the past 40 years. Most recently, the financial liberalization of emerging markets and the global financial crisis have significantly impacted the market share of banks worldwide. This article investigates the impact of the 2007–2008 financial crisis on cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As) in the banking sector and emphasizes the role of emerging-market banks in the postcrisis consolidation trend. Using M&A data and concentration data over the period 2000–2013, our analysis indicates that the financial crisis had a significant impact on worldwide M&As, especially on the direction of the transactions. Emerging-market banks appear to be major acquirers in the postcrisis period, targeting both neighboring countries and developed economies in Europe. We also observe an increase in bank concentration in developed markets most hit by the financial crisis, especially in the United States and the United Kingdom, whereas bank concentration decreased in emerging markets.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Rao-Nicholson R, Salaber J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Thunderbird International Business Review

Year: 2016

Volume: 58

Issue: 2

Pages: 161–173

Print publication date: 01/03/2016

Online publication date: 21/06/2015

Acceptance date: 21/06/2015

Date deposited: 08/10/2016

ISSN (print): 1096-4762

ISSN (electronic): 1520-6874

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


DOI: 10.1002/tie.21731


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