Lookup NU author(s): Professor John Simpson,
Dr Gill Hulme,
Dr Sharon Cookson,
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
Introduction: Sepsis is an acute illness resulting from infection and the host immune response. Early identification of individuals at risk of developing life-threatening severe sepsis could enable early triage and treatment, and improve outcomes. Currently available biomarkers have poor predictive value for predicting subsequent clinical course in patients with suspected infection. Circulating leucocytes provide readily accessible tissues that reflect many aspects of the complex immune responses described in sepsis. We hypothesise that measuring cellular markers of immune responses by flow cytometry will enable early identification of infected patients at risk of adverse outcomes. We aim to characterise leucocyte surface markers (biomarkers) and their abnormalities in a population of patients presenting to the hospital emergency department with suspected sepsis, and explore their ability to predict subsequent clinical course.Methods and analysis: We will conduct a prospective, multicentre, clinical, exploratory, cohort observational study. To answer our study question, 3 patient populations will be studied. First, patients with suspected sepsis from the emergency department (n=300). To assess performance characteristics of potential tests, critically ill patients with established sepsis, and age and gender matched patients without suspicion of infection requiring hospital admission (both n=100) will be recruited as comparator populations. In all 3 groups, we plan to assess circulating biomarker profiles using flow cytometry. We will select candidate biomarkers by cross-cohort comparison, and then explore their predictive value for clinical outcomes within the cohort with suspected sepsis.Ethics and dissemination: The study will be carried out based on the principles in the Declaration of Helsinki and the International Conference on Harmonisation Good Clinical Practice. Ethics approval has been granted from the Scotland A Research Ethics Committee (REC) and Oxford C REC. On conclusion of this study, the results will be disseminated via peer-reviewed journals.
Author(s): Datta D, Morris AC, Antonelli J, Warner N, Brown KA, Wright J, Simpson AJ, Rennie J, Hulme G, Lewis SM, Mare TA, Cookson S, Weir CJ, Dimmick I, Keenan J, Rossi AG, Shankar-Hari M, Walsh TS, ExPRES Sepsis Investigators
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: BMJ Open
Online publication date: 01/08/2016
Acceptance date: 09/06/2016
ISSN (electronic): 2044-6055
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
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