Lookup NU author(s): Professor Clare Bambra
This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by Sage Publications Ltd., 2006.
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This paper critically examines the theoretical, empirical and methodological limitations of Esping-Andersen’s Three Worlds of Welfare decommodification index. It highlights an, to date, overlooked error in Esping-Andersen’s original calculations that led to the incorrect positioning of three borderline countries (Japan, the UK and Ireland) and resulted in the empirically erroneous composition of the Three Worlds of Welfare. Updated decommodification data from 1998/99 are used to explore the influential role of variable weighting in the creation of the three worlds typology. Finally, the paper revisits the decommodification index to examine how the relationships between the countries have changed since 1980. The paper concludes by questioning the extent to which the Three Worlds of Welfare still exist, and indeed, at least in empirical terms, the extent to which they ever did.
Author(s): Bambra C
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of European Social Policy
Print publication date: 01/02/2006
Online publication date: 01/01/2006
ISSN (print): 0958-9287
ISSN (electronic): 1461-7269
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd.
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