Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Gender, health inequalities and welfare state regimes: a cross-national study of thirteen European countries.

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Clare Bambra

Downloads

Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Abstract

Background: This study is the first to examine the relationship between gender and self-assessed health (SAH), and the extent to which this varies by socio-economic position in different European welfare state regimes (Liberal, Corporatist, Social Democratic, Southern). Methods: The Eurothine harmonised data set (based on representative cross-sectional national health surveys, conducted between 1998 and 2004) was used to analyse SAH differences by sex and socio-economic position (educational rank) in different welfare states. The sample sizes ranged from 7,124 (Germany) to 118,245 (Italy) and concerned the adult population (aged >= 16 years). Results: Logistic regression analysis (adjusting for age) identified significant sex differences in SAH in nine European welfare states. In the UK (OR=0.88; 95%CI=0.78,0.99) and Finland (OR=0.85; 0.77,0.95), men were significantly more likely to report ‘bad’ or ‘very bad’ health. In Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Holland, Italy, Spain, and Portugal, a significantly higher proportion of women than men reported that their health was ‘bad’ or ‘very bad’. The increased risk of poor SAH experienced by women from these countries ranged from a 23% increase in Denmark (OR=1.23; 95%CI=1.08,1.39) to more than a two-fold increase in Portugal (OR=2.01; 95%CI=1.87,2.15). For some countries (Italy, Portugal, Sweden), women’s relatively worse SAH tended to be most prominent in the group with the highest level of education. Discussion: Women in the Social Democratic and Southern welfare states were more likely to report worse SAH than men. In the Corporatist countries, there were no sex differences in SAH. There was no consistent welfare state regime patterning for sex differences in SAH by socio-economic position. These findings therefore constitute a challenge to regime theory and comparative social epidemiology to engage more with issues of gender.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Bambra C, Pope D, Swani V, Stanistreet D, Roskam A, Kunst A, Scott-Samuel A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health

Year: 2009

Volume: 63

Issue: 1

Pages: 38-44

Print publication date: 01/01/2009

Online publication date: 16/12/2008

ISSN (print): 0143-005X

ISSN (electronic): 1470-2738

Publisher: BMJ Group

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2007.070292

DOI: 10.1136/jech.2007.070292


Altmetrics

Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Actions

Find at Newcastle University icon    Link to this publication


Share