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Analysis of a novel stator construction employing steel wire in place of laminations

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Nick Stannard, Dr Richard Martin, Dr Glynn Atkinson

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This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by IEEE, 2017.

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Abstract

Abstract:This paper examines a novel method of constructing large diameter generators using many layers of steel wire in place of laminations. The stator coreback is formed by winding thin steel wire around the outside of the armature coils and then encapsulating the structure in epoxy. This technique simplifies the manufacturing process by removing the requirement to build a large support structure to carry the laminations. The electromagnetic behavior of a wire coreback is very different from traditional laminations, however, and produces abrupt changes in flux density across its thickness. The material is difficult to model using conventional FEA techniques due to the large number of elements required to mesh the small diameter wire. This paper examines two alternative modelling approaches. Method 1 uses 2D FEA to model the steel wire as a lamination oriented in the ‘wrong’ direction. Method 2 uses a quasi-analytic approach based on detailed 3D FE analysis of a small section of the generator to capture the flux density profile in the airgap. The two models are benchmarked against a prototype generator tested in the laboratory, and it is shown that the quasi-analytical technique gives the most accurate prediction of performance.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Stannard N, Martin R, Atkinson G

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion

Year: 2017

Volume: 32

Issue: 3

Pages: 993-1001

Print publication date: 01/09/2017

Online publication date: 21/03/2017

Acceptance date: 01/03/2017

Date deposited: 29/03/2017

ISSN (print): 0885-8969

ISSN (electronic): 1558-0059

Publisher: IEEE

URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2017.2680539

DOI: 10.1109/TEC.2017.2680539


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