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Can we routinely measure patient involvement in treatment decision-making in chronic kidney care? A service evaluation in 27 renal units in the UK

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Richard Thomson, Dr Charlie Tomson

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


Abstract

© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA.Background Shared decision making is considered an important aspect of chronic disease management. We explored the feasibility of routinely measuring kidney patients' involvement in making decisions about renal replacement therapy (RRT) in National Health Service settings. Methods We disseminated a 17-item paper questionnaire on involvement in decision-making among adult patients with established kidney failure who made a decision about RRT in the previous 90 days (Phase 1) and patients who had been receiving RRT for 90-180 days (Phase 2). Recruitment rates were calculated as the ratio between the number of included and expected eligible patients (I: E ratio). We assessed our sample's representativeness by comparing demographics between participants and incident patients in the UK Renal Registry. Results Three hundred and five (Phase 1) and 187 (Phase 2) patients were included. For Phase 1, the I: E ratio was 0.44 (range, 0.08-2.80) compared with 0.27 (range, 0.04-1.05) in Phase 2. Study participants were more likely to be white compared with incident RRT patients (88 versus 77%; P < 0.0001). We found no difference in age, gender or social deprivation. In Phases 1 and 2, the majority reported a collaborative decision-making style (73 and 69%), and had no decisional conflict (85 and 76%); the median score for shared decision-making experience was 12.5 (Phase 1) and 10 (Phase 2) out of 20. Conclusion Our study shows the importance of assessing the feasibility of data collection in a chronic disease context prior to implementation in routine practice. Routine measurement of patient involvement in established kidney disease treatment decisions is feasible, but there are challenges in selecting the measure needed to capture experience of involvement, reducing variation in response rate by service and identifying when to capture experience in a service managing people's chronic disease over time.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Durand M-A, Bekker HL, Casula A, Elias R, Ferraro A, Lloyd A, Van Der Veer SN, Metcalfe W, Mooney A, Thomson RG, Tomson CRV

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Clinical Kidney Journal

Year: 2016

Volume: 9

Issue: 2

Pages: 252-259

Print publication date: 01/04/2016

Online publication date: 05/03/2016

Acceptance date: 08/01/2016

Date deposited: 11/04/2017

ISSN (print): 2048-8505

ISSN (electronic): 2048-8513

Publisher: Oxford University Press

URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/ckj/sfw003

DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfw003


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