Lookup NU author(s): Professor Sophie Hambleton
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© 2016 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Background: Dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficiency is a combined immunodeficiency caused by autosomal recessive loss-of-function mutations in DOCK8. This disorder is characterized by recurrent cutaneous infections, increased serum IgE levels, and severe atopic disease, including food-induced anaphylaxis. However, the contribution of defects in CD4+ T cells to disease pathogenesis in these patients has not been thoroughly investigated. Objective: We sought to investigate the phenotype and function of DOCK8-deficient CD4+ T cells to determine (1) intrinsic and extrinsic CD4+ T-cell defects and (2) how defects account for the clinical features of DOCK8 deficiency. Methods: We performed in-depth analysis of the CD4+ T-cell compartment of DOCK8-deficient patients. We enumerated subsets of CD4+ T helper cells and assessed cytokine production and transcription factor expression. Finally, we determined the levels of IgE specific for staple foods and house dust mite allergens in DOCK8-deficient patients and healthy control subjects. Results: DOCK8-deficient memory CD4+ T cells were biased toward a TH2 type, and this was at the expense of TH1 and TH17 cells. In vitro polarization of DOCK8-deficient naive CD4+ T cells revealed the TH2 bias and TH17 defect to be T-cell intrinsic. Examination of allergen-specific IgE revealed plasma IgE from DOCK8-deficient patients is directed against staple food antigens but not house dust mites. Conclusion: Investigations into the DOCK8-deficient CD4+ T cells provided an explanation for some of the clinical features of this disorder: the TH2 bias is likely to contribute to atopic disease, whereas defects in TH1 and TH17 cells compromise antiviral and antifungal immunity, respectively, explaining the infectious susceptibility of DOCK8-deficient patients.
Author(s): Tangye SG, Pillay B, Randall KL, Avery DT, Phan TG, Gray P, Ziegler JB, Smart JM, Peake J, Arkwright PD, Hambleton S, Orange J, Goodnow CC, Uzel G, Casanova J-L, Lugo Reyes SO, Freeman AF, Su HC, Ma CS
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Print publication date: 01/03/2017
Online publication date: 20/08/2016
Acceptance date: 12/07/2016
ISSN (print): 0091-6749
ISSN (electronic): 1097-6825
Publisher: Mosby Inc.
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