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Exergetic and economic analysis of two-pass RO desalination proposed plant for domestic water and irrigation

Lookup NU author(s): Mohamed Eshoul, Professor Brian Agnew, Dr Sandy Anderson


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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Improving reverse osmosis desalination through reducing power consumption and improving exergy efficiency for acceptable operation conditions is the objective of this study. It covers the influence of recovery ratio on different two-pass reverse osmosis desalination configurations at different sea water temperature and salinity, focusing on power consumption, cost, exergy efficiency and exergy destruction for a proposed 24000m3/day two-pass reverse osmosis desalination plant in Libya. The results show that as the recovery ratio increases the exergy destruction decreases and exergy efficiency increases, with a slight decline in the cost of cubic meter with sea water salinity increase. A configuration incorporating pressure exchanger and energy recovery turbine has the highest exergy efficiency and lowest water cost. While the configuration without these has the lowest total capital cost, it has the highest life time cost due to high power consumption.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Eshoul NM, Agnew B, Anderson A, Atab MS

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Energy

Year: 2017

Volume: 122

Pages: 319-328

Print publication date: 01/03/2017

Online publication date: 23/01/2017

Acceptance date: 19/01/2017

ISSN (print): 0360-5442

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/


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