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Myxofibrosarcoma of the extremity and trunk: a multidisciplinary approach leads to good local rates of LOCAL control

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Christopher Ghazala, Dr Nickil Agni, Dr Petra Dildey, Dr Daniela Lee, Kenneth Rankin, Tom Beckingsale, Craig Gerrand

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Abstract

©2016 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery. AIMS: Myxofibrosarcomas (MFSs) are malignant soft-tissue sarcomas characteristically presenting as painless slowly growing masses in the extremities. Locally infiltrative growth means that the risk of local recurrence is high. We reviewed our experience to make recommendations about resection strategies and the role of the multidisciplinary team in the management of these tumours. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with a primary or recurrent MFS who were treated surgically in our unit between 1997 and 2012 were included in the study. Clinical records and imaging were reviewed. A total of 50 patients with a median age of 68.4 years (interquartile range 61.6 to 81.8) were included. There were 35 men; 49 underwent surgery in our unit. RESULTS: The lower limb was the most common site (32/50, 64%). The mean size of the tumours was 8.95 cm (1.5 to 27.0); 26 (52%) were French Fédération Nationale des Centres de Lutte Contre le Cancer grade III. A total of 21 (43%) had positive margins after the initial excision; 11 underwent further excision. Histology showed microscopic spread of up to 29 mm beyond macroscopic tumour. Local recurrence occurred in seven patients (14%) at a mean of 21 months (3 to 33) and 15 (30%) developed metastases at a mean of 17 months (3 to 30) post-operatively. CONCLUSION: High rates of positive margins and the need for further excision makes this tumour particularly suited to management by multidisciplinary surgical teams. Microscopic tumour can be present up to 29 mm from the macroscopic tumour in fascially-based tumours. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:1682-8.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Ghazala CG, Agni NR, Ragbir M, Dildey P, Lee D, Rankin KS, Beckingsale TB, Gerrand CH

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: The Bone & Joint Journal

Year: 2016

Volume: 98-B

Issue: 12

Pages: 1682-1688

Print publication date: 01/12/2016

Acceptance date: 08/07/2016

ISSN (print): 2049-4408

URL: http://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.98B12.37568

DOI: 10.1302/0301-620X.98B12.37568

PubMed id: 27909132


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