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The GpsB files: The truth is out there

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Rick Lewis

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Abstract

© 2016 The Authors. Peptidoglycan (PG), an essential stress-bearing component of the bacterial cell wall, is synthesised by penicillin binding proteins (PBPs). PG synthesis at the cell division septum is necessary for constructing new poles of progeny cells, and cells cannot elongate without inserting new PG in the side-wall. The cell division regulator GpsB appears to coordinate PG synthesis at the septum during division and at the side-wall during elongation in rod-shaped and ovococcoid Gram-positive bacteria. How the control over PG synthesis is exerted is unknown. In this issue of Molecular Microbiology, Rued et al. show that in pneumococci GpsB forms complexes with PBP2a and PBP2b, and that deletion or depletion of GpsB prevents closure of the septal ring that in itself is PBP2x-dependent. Loss of GpsB can be suppressed by spontaneous mutations, including within the gene encoding the only PP2C Ser/Thr phosphatase in Streptococcus pneumoniae, indicating that GpsB plays a key – but unknown – role in protein phosphorylation in pneumococci. Rued et al. combine phenotypic and genotypic analyses of mutant strains that suggest discrepancies in the literature concerning GpsB might have arisen from accumulation of unidentified suppressors, highlighting the importance and power of strain validation and whole genome sequencing in this context.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Lewis RJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Molecular Microbiology

Year: 2017

Volume: 103

Issue: 6

Pages: 913-918

Print publication date: 01/03/2017

Online publication date: 23/12/2016

Acceptance date: 02/04/2016

ISSN (print): 0950-382X

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2958

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd

URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/mmi.13612

DOI: 10.1111/mmi.13612


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