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Morphology, structure and electrochemical properties of single phase electrospun vanadium pentoxide nanofibers for lithium ion batteries

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Stevin Pramana

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Abstract

One-dimensional (1D) vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) nanofibers (VNF) are synthesized by electrospinning vanadium sol-gel precursors containing vanadyl acetylacetonate and poly(vinylpyrrolidone) followed by sintering. Crystal structure, molecular structure and morphology of electrospun VNF are analyzed using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area diffraction (SAED), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Single-phase electrospun VNF ∼300-800 nm in diameter, 20-50 μm long (aspect ratio > 50) with porous interconnected fibrous morphology are revealed by FESEM and TEM analysis. Electrochemical properties of the sintered VNF, as a cathode in lithium-ion batteries, explored using cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge/discharge and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) give rise to new understandings of the electrochemical processes occurring in these nanofibrous cathodes. Electrospun VNF exhibits initial discharge capacity ∼316 mAh g-1 (∼2.2 Li per V2O 5) in the voltage range of 1.75 and 4.0 V vs. Li/Li+ at 0.1 C rate. When cycled at a reduced voltage range of 2.0-4.0 V vs. Li/Li +, less phase transitions occur, giving rise to the initial specific capacity of 308 mAh g-1 and improved cyclic retention of 74% after 50 cycles. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Cheah YL, Gupta N, Pramana SS, Aravindan V, Wee G, Srinivasan M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Power Sources

Year: 2011

Volume: 196

Issue: 15

Pages: 6465-6472

Print publication date: 01/08/2011

Online publication date: 31/03/2011

ISSN (print): 0378-7753

ISSN (electronic): 1873-2755

Publisher: Elsevier BV

URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.03.039

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.03.039


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