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Nutrient sensing at the plasma membrane of fungal cells

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Julian Rutherford

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Abstract

© 2017 American Society for Microbiology. All rights reserved. To respond to the changing environment, cells must be able to sense external conditions. This is important for many processes including growth, mating, the expression of virulence factors, and several other regulatory effects. Nutrient sensing at the plasma membrane is mediated by different classes of membrane proteins that activate downstream signaling pathways: nontransporting receptors, transceptors, classical and nonclassical G-protein-coupled receptors, and the newly defined extracellular mucin receptors. Nontransporting receptors have the same structure as transport proteins, but have lost the capacity to transport while gaining a receptor function. Transceptors are transporters that also function as a receptor, because they can rapidly activate downstream signaling pathways. In this review, we focus on these four types of fungal membrane proteins. We mainly discuss the sensing mechanisms relating to sugars, ammonium, and amino acids. Mechanisms for other nutrients, such as phosphate and sulfate, are discussed briefly. Because the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been the most studied, especially regarding these nutrient-sensing systems, each subsection will commence with what is known in this species.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Van Dijck P, Brown NA, Goldman GH, Rutherford J, Xue C, Van Zeebroeck G

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Microbiology Spectrum

Year: 2017

Volume: 5

Issue: 2

Online publication date: 10/03/2017

Acceptance date: 11/12/2016

ISSN (electronic): 2165-0497

Publisher: American Society for Microbiology

URL: https://doi.org/10.1128/microbiolspec.FUNK-0031-2016

DOI: 10.1128/microbiolspec.FUNK-0031-2016


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