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Prevalence of sarcopenic obesity in adults with class II/III obesity using different diagnostic criteria

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Mario Siervo

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

© 2017 Carlene A. Johnson Stoklossa et al. Background/Objective. Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is a hidden condition of reduced lean soft tissue (LST) in context of excess adiposity. SO is most commonly reported in older adults and both its risk and prevalence increase with age. A variety of body composition indices and cut points have been used to define this condition, leading to conflicting prevalence and risk prediction. Here, we investigate variability in the prevalence of SO in an adult sample of individuals with class II/III obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) using different diagnostic criteria. Methods. SO definitions were identified from a literature review of studies using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to assess LST. Demographics, anthropometrics, and body composition (by DXA) were measured in n=120, 86% female (46.9 ± 11.1 years). Results. LST was extremely variable in individuals, even with similar body sizes, and observed across the age spectrum. The prevalence of SO ranged from 0 to 84.5% in females and 0 to 100% in males, depending upon the definition applied, with higher prevalence among definitions accounting for measures of body size or fat mass. Conclusion. SO is present, yet variable, in adults with class II/III obesity. Accounting for body mass or fat mass may identify a higher number of individuals with SO, although risk prediction remains to be studied.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Johnson Stoklossa CA, Sharma AM, Forhan M, Siervo M, Padwal RS, Prado CM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Year: 2017

Volume: 2017

Online publication date: 22/03/2017

Acceptance date: 12/02/2017

Date deposited: 11/05/2017

ISSN (print): 2090-0724

ISSN (electronic): 2090-0732

Publisher: Hindawi Limited

URL: https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7307618

DOI: 10.1155/2017/7307618


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