Lookup NU author(s): Dr Graeme Sarson,
Dr Paul Bushby
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).
The cellular automaton model of Piegari, Di Maio, Scandone and Milano, J. Volc. Geoth. Res., 202, 22-28 (2011) is extended to include magma-induced stress (i.e. a local magma-related augmentation of the stress field). This constitutes a nonlinear coupling between the magma and stress fields considered by this model, which affects the statistical distributions of eruptions obtained. The extended model retains a power law relation between eruption size and frequency for most events, as expected from the self-organized criticality inspiring this model; but the power law now applies for a reduced range of size, and there are new peaks of relatively more frequent eruptions of intermediate and large size. The cumulative frequency of repose time between events remains well modelled by a stretched exponential function of repose time (approaching a pure exponential distribution only for the longest repose times), but the time scales of this behaviour are slightly longer, reflecting the increased preference for larger events. The eruptions are relatively more likely to have high volatile (water) content, so would generally be more explosive. The new model also naturally favours a central ‘axial’ transport conduit, as found in many volcano systems, but which otherwise must be artificially imposed within such models.
Author(s): Butters OJ, Sarson GR, Bushby PJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Print publication date: 15/07/2017
Online publication date: 19/05/2017
Acceptance date: 17/05/2017
Date deposited: 18/05/2017
ISSN (print): 0377-0273
ISSN (electronic): 1872-6097
Publisher: Elsevier BV
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