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Decontamination of geological samples by gas cluster ion beam etching or ultra violet/ozone

Lookup NU author(s): Graham Purvis, Dr Neil Gray, Dr Naoko Sano, Dr Anders Barlow, Dr Geoffrey Abbott, Dr Cees van der Land, Professor Peter Cumpson

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Abstract

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. The organic matter within rocks contains chemical and isotopic evidence of its provenance, including information on past and extant life. Such information could further the understanding of life on the early Earth and yield evidence of the existence of past life on Mars. However, the collection of geological samples and subsequent transfer to analytical facilities possibly via long-term storage provides ample opportunity for organic contamination from a variety of sources prior to analysis. Erroneous assignment of organic contamination as authentic indigenous organic material is a significant issue in any geological specimen, but is exacerbated in rocks containing trace levels. This investigation evaluated two decontamination methods for geological samples, namely, the recently developed gas cluster ion beam etching, which supersedes monoatomic sputter etching, and ultra violet/ozone cleaning. Decontamination evaluation involved removal of intentionally applied organic contamination applied to basalt which initially possessed only trace levels of indigenous organic material. Pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to measure contaminant removal. Both techniques are suitable for removing organic contamination during the preparation of geological samples.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Purvis G, Gray N, Sano N, Barlow A, Cockell C, Abbott GD, van der Land C, Cumpson P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Chemical Geology

Year: 2017

Volume: 466

Pages: 256-262

Print publication date: 05/09/2017

Online publication date: 23/06/2017

Acceptance date: 14/06/2017

Date deposited: 25/08/2017

ISSN (print): 0009-2541

ISSN (electronic): 1872-6836

Publisher: Elsevier BV

URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.06.016

DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.06.016


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