Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

The effect of using a methanol–water solvent mixture on pH oscillations in the palladium-catalyzed phenylacetylene oxidative carbonylation reaction

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Julie Parker, Dr Katarina Novakovic

Downloads


Licence

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

The palladium-catalysed phenylacetylene oxidative carbonylation reaction has been shown to produce regular oscillations in pH, reaction heat, and turbidity when conducted in batch with methanol as solvent. Previous studies of the catalytic system showed that water plays an important role in the behaviour of the catalytic cycle. Investigating this role further, the reaction was performed in methanol-water mixtures. Experiments demonstrated that, under the conditions studied, oscillations in pH are feasible when the water concentration in the system is increased (0-30 vol%). At the same time oscillations visually changed, being transformed from regular oscillations to more stepwise behaviour as the proportion of water is increased. By establishing the relationship between the recorded pH and HI concentration it was found that increased water concentration suppresses HI formation and hence slows the autocatalysis in the reaction. It was also found that oscillations begin when the HI concentration is in the region of 1 x 10-3 molL-1. Additionally, as the amount of water in the system increases a slight decrease in the concentration of HI when oscillations start was noted.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Parker J, Novakovic K

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis

Year: 2018

Volume: 123

Issue: 1

Pages: 113–124

Print publication date: 01/02/2018

Online publication date: 30/09/2017

Acceptance date: 25/09/2017

Date deposited: 26/09/2017

ISSN (print): 1878-5190

ISSN (electronic): 1878-5204

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11144-017-1282-z

DOI: 10.1007/s11144-017-1282-z

Data Source Location: http://dx.doi.org/10.17634/082584-2


Altmetrics

Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Actions

Find at Newcastle University icon    Link to this publication


Share