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Mitochondria, the synapse, and neurodegeneration

Lookup NU author(s): Alexia Chrysostomou, Professor Doug Turnbull

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Abstract

© Springer International Publishing 2016. All rights reserved. Mitochondria have a remarkably sophisticated structure and essential function within neurons that ensure normal synaptic transmission and maintained synaptic plasticity and hence normal information processing that can occur within the brain. The importance of mitochondria for synaptic structural preservation and activity is exemplified by a high mitochondrial density at synaptic sites, whereas synaptic mitochondrial dysfunction or loss of mitochondria from synapses leads to synaptic abnormalities. The increasing body of evidence for mitochondrial defects, early synaptic dysfunction, and/or decreased synaptic density in common neurodegenerative disorders places these organelles at centre stage and establishes synaptic mitochondria as good candidates for drug targeting. In this chapter, we describe synaptic mitochondrial functions and present the evidence for synaptic disturbances in common neurodegenerative and mitochondrial diseases. Finally, we discuss the proposed mechanisms of neuronal loss with a focus on early synaptic loss.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Chrysostomou A, Turnbull DM

Editor(s): Reeve A; Simcox E; Duchen M; Turnbull D.

Publication type: Book Chapter

Publication status: Published

Book Title: Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Neurodegenerative Disorders: Second Edition

Year: 2016

Pages: 219-239

Print publication date: 21/06/2016

Online publication date: 08/06/2016

Acceptance date: 02/04/2016

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

Place Published: Cham

URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28637-2_9

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-28637-2_9

Notes: 9783319286358 Hardback ISBN

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9783319286372


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