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Convergences and Divergences: Countering Terrorist Organisations in the United States and the United Kingdom

Lookup NU author(s): Colin Murray

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Abstract

Criminalising membership of terrorist organizations raises serious freedom of association and freedom of speech/expression concerns. Governments in the United States of America and the United Kingdom have a long history of restricting organisations which express dissent, particularly at times when they perceive national security to be subject to acute threat. Until the mid-twentieth century, both jurisdictions regarded proscription as the appropriate means of tackling political organisations which were committed to using violence to achieve their goals or equivocal about their attitude to violence. Thereafter, the approaches of these two jurisdictions to proscription diverged. This paper analyses these distinct approaches to tackling terrorist organisations by comparing their proscription offences, the mechanisms for listing organisations as terrorist, and whether adequate safeguards for freedom of association and freedom of speech/expression are provided in both jurisdictions. It also evaluates the effectiveness of such proscription regimes as a response to the threat posed by "networked" groups which actively adapt to the efforts by states to tackle their activities by listing them as terrorist.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Murray CRG

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: King's Law Journal

Year: 2017

Volume: 28

Issue: 3

Pages: 445-470

Print publication date: 15/12/2017

Online publication date: 16/11/2017

Acceptance date: 01/11/2017

Date deposited: 27/11/2017

ISSN (print): 0961-5768

ISSN (electronic): 1757-8442

Publisher: Routledge

URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/09615768.2017.1398257

DOI: 10.1080/09615768.2017.1398257


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