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Synthesis of Hybrid Tin Halide Perovskite Solar Cells with Less Hazardous Solvents: Methanol and 1,4-Dioxane

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Pablo Docampo

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


Abstract

© 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim The toxicity of lead and the solvents utilized during the synthesis of hybrid halide perovskite films are potential obstacles for widespread applications of solar cell technology based on these materials. Alternatives such as those based on lead-free Sn-based devices often suffer from poor film morphologies, thus precluding competitive device efficiencies. Herein, we demonstrate a new one-step route deploying mixtures of the less hazardous methanol and 1,4-dioxane for preparing high-quality methylammonium tin iodide films. We propose that the fast evaporation of these solvents is a key factor for film formation and show that the solvent ratio is essential to obtain phase pure, high-quality films. This leads to devices, which outperform those prepared by conventional routes, likely due to a decreased defect density as confirmed with time-resolved photoluminescence measurements. Our results provide a further step towards non-hazardous synthesis routes for Sn-based optoelectronic devices.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Greul E, Docampo P, Bein T

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Inorganic and General Chemistry

Year: 2017

Volume: 643

Issue: 21

Pages: 1704-1711

Online publication date: 27/10/2017

Acceptance date: 27/10/2017

Date deposited: 18/12/2017

ISSN (print): 0044-2313

ISSN (electronic): 1521-3749

Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag

URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/zaac.201700297

DOI: 10.1002/zaac.201700297


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