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SIRT1 and SIRT2: Emerging targets in neurodegeneration

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Tiago Outeiro

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Abstract

Sirtuins are NAD-dependent protein deacetylases known to have protective effects against age-related diseases such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. In mammals, there are seven sirtuins (SIRT1-7), which display diversity in subcellular localization and function. While SIRT1 has been extensively investigated due to its initial connection with lifespan extension and involvement in calorie restriction, important biological and therapeutic roles of other sirtuins have only recently been recognized. Here, we review the potential roles and effects of SIRT1 and SIRT2 in neurodegenerative diseases. We discuss different functions and targets of SIRT1 and SIRT2 in a variety of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD) and Huntington's Disease (HD). We also cover the role of SIRT1 in neuronal differentiation due to the possible implications in neurodegenerative conditions, and conclude with an outlook on the potential therapeutic value of SIRT1 and SIRT2 in these disorders. Sirtuins (SIRTs) are NAD-dependent protein deacetylases, which have been implicated in age-related diseases. This review discusses recent findings on the roles of SIRT1 and SIRT2 in neurodegenerative diseases and in potential therapeutic approaches. © 2013 The Authors. Published by John Wiley and Sons, Ltd on behalf of EMBO.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Donmez G, Outeiro TF

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: EMBO Molecular Medicine

Year: 2013

Volume: 5

Issue: 3

Pages: 344-352

Online publication date: 18/02/2013

ISSN (print): 1757-4676

ISSN (electronic): 1757-4684

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/emmm.201302451

DOI: 10.1002/emmm.201302451

PubMed id: 23417962


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