Lookup NU author(s): Professor Tiago Outeiro
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Dementia in Parkinson's disease (PDD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are characterized by loss of acetylcholine (ACh) from cortical areas. Clinical studies report positive effects of acetylcholine esterase (AChE) inhibitors in PDD and dementia with Lewy bodies. We here report that the number of neurons expressing a cholinergic marker in the medial septum-diagonal band of Broca complex decreases in A30P α-synuclein-expressing mice during aging, paralleled by a lower AChE fiber density in the dentate gyrus and in the hippocampal CA1 field. After inducing dopamine depletion by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine hydrochloride (MPTP), no acute but a delayed loss of cholinergic neurons and AChE-positive fibers was observed, which was attenuated by L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) treatment. Expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) and tyrosine receptor kinase A (TrkA) genes was upregulated in 1-methyl- 4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine hydrochloride-treated wild type mice, but not in A30P α-synuclein expressing animals. In contrast, upregulation of sortilin and p75NTR genes was found in the A30P α-synuclein-expressing mice. These results suggest that dopamine deficiency may contribute to the impairment of the septohippocampal system in patients with PDD and that L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine may not only result in symptomatic treatment of the akinetic-rigid syndrome but may also alleviate the degeneration of basal forebrain cholinergic system and the cognitive decline. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Author(s): Szego EM, Outeiro TF, Kermer P, Schulz JB
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Neurobiology of Aging
Print publication date: 11/05/2012
Online publication date: 21/04/2012
ISSN (print): 0197-4580
ISSN (electronic): 1558-1497
PubMed id: 22579457
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