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Speedup and Power Scaling Models for Heterogeneous Many-Core Systems

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Ashur Rafiev, Mohammed Al-Hayanni, Dr Fei Xia, Dr Rishad Shafik, Professor Alexander Romanovsky, Professor Alex Yakovlev

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This is the authors' accepted manuscript of an article that has been published in its final definitive form by IEEE, 2018.

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Abstract

Traditional speedup models, such as Amdahl’s law, Gustafson’s, and Sun and Ni’s, have helped the research communityand industry better understand system performance capabilities and application parallelizability. As they mostly target homogeneoushardware platforms or limited forms of processor heterogeneity, these models do not cover newly emerging multi-core heterogeneousarchitectures. This paper reports on novel speedup and energy consumption models based on a more general representation ofheterogeneity, referred to as the normal form heterogeneity, that supports a wide range of heterogeneous many-core architectures. Themodelling method aims to predict system power efficiency and performance ranges, and facilitates research and development at thehardware and system software levels. The models were validated through extensive experimentation on the off-the-shelf big.LITTLEheterogeneous platform and a dual-GPU laptop, with an average error of 1% for speedup and of less than 6.5% for power dissipation.A quantitative efficiency analysis targeting the system load balancer on the Odroid XU3 platform was used to demonstrate the practicaluse of the method.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Rafiev A, Al-Hayanni MAN, Xia F, Shafik R, Romanovsky A, Yakovlev A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: IEEE Transactions on Multi-Scale Computing Systems

Year: 2018

Volume: 4

Issue: 3

Pages: 436-449

Online publication date: 12/01/2018

Acceptance date: 24/12/2017

Date deposited: 25/12/2017

ISSN (electronic): 2332-7766

Publisher: IEEE

URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/TMSCS.2018.2791531

DOI: 10.1109/TMSCS.2018.2791531

Data Source Location: http://dx.doi.org/10.17634/123238-4


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