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Functional cortical source connectivity of resting state electroencephalographic alpha rhythms shows similar abnormalities in patients with mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases

Lookup NU author(s): Dr John-Paul Taylor

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).


Abstract

© 2018 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology Objective: This study tested the hypothesis that markers of functional cortical source connectivity of resting state eyes-closed electroencephalographic (rsEEG) rhythms may be abnormal in subjects with mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer's (ADMCI) and Parkinson's (PDMCI) diseases compared to healthy elderly subjects (Nold). Methods: rsEEG data had been collected in ADMCI, PDMCI, and Nold subjects (N = 75 for any group). eLORETA freeware estimated functional lagged linear connectivity (LLC) from rsEEG cortical sources. Area under receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve indexed the accuracy in the classification of Nold and MCI individuals. Results: Posterior interhemispheric and widespread intrahemispheric alpha LLC solutions were abnormally lower in both MCI groups compared to the Nold group. At the individual level, AUROC curves of LLC solutions in posterior alpha sources exhibited moderate accuracies (0.70–0.72) in the discrimination of Nold vs. ADMCI-PDMCI individuals. No differences in the LLC solutions were found between the two MCI groups. Conclusions: These findings unveil similar abnormalities in functional cortical connectivity estimated in widespread alpha sources in ADMCI and PDMCI. This was true at both group and individual levels. Significance: The similar abnormality of alpha source connectivity in ADMCI and PDMCI subjects might reflect common cholinergic impairment.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Babiloni C, Del Percio C, Lizio R, Noce G, Lopez S, Soricelli A, Ferri R, Pascarelli MT, Catania V, Nobili F, Arnaldi D, Fama F, Orzi F, Buttinelli C, Giubilei F, Bonanni L, Franciotti R, Onofrj M, Stirpe P, Fuhr P, Gschwandtner U, Ransmayr G, Garn H, Fraioli L, Pievani M, D'Antonio F, De Lena C, Guntekin B, Hanoglu L, Basar E, Yener G, Emek-Savas DD, Triggiani AI, Taylor JP, De Pandis MF, Vacca L, Frisoni GB, Stocchi F

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Clinical Neurophysiology

Year: 2018

Volume: 129

Issue: 4

Pages: 766-782

Print publication date: 01/04/2018

Online publication date: 31/01/2018

Acceptance date: 10/01/2018

ISSN (print): 1388-2457

ISSN (electronic): 1872-8952

Publisher: Elsevier Ireland Ltd

URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2018.01.009

DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2018.01.009


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