Lookup NU author(s): Dr Venetia Bigley,
Dr Urszula Cytlak-Chaudhuri,
Professor Matthew Collin
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).
The critical functions of dendritic cells (DCs) in immunity and tolerance have been demonstrated in many animal models but their non-redundant roles in humans are more difficult to probe. Human primary immunodeficiency (PID), resulting from single gene mutations, may result in DC deficiency or dysfunction. This relatively recent recognition illuminates the in vivo role of human DCs and the pathophysiology of the associated clinical syndromes. In this review, the development and function of DCs as established in murine models and human in vitro systems, discussed. This forms the basis of predicting the effects of DC deficiency in vivo and understanding the consequences of specific mutations on DC development and function. DC deficiency syndromes are associated with heterozygous GATA2 mutation, bi-allelic and heterozygous IRF8 mutation and heterozygous IKZF1 mutation. The intricate involvement of DCs in the balance between immunity and tolerance is leading to increased recognition of their involvement in a number of other immunodeficiencies and autoimmune conditions. Owing to the precise control of transcription factor gene expression by super-enhancer elements, phenotypic anomalies are relatively commonly caused by heterozygous mutations.
Author(s): Bigley V, Cytlak U, Collin M
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Issue: ePub ahead of print
Online publication date: 23/02/2018
Acceptance date: 10/02/2018
ISSN (print): 1084-9521
ISSN (electronic): 1096-3634
Altmetrics provided by Altmetric