Lookup NU author(s): Dr Qibai Wu,
Dr Yaodong Wang,
Professor Tony Roskilly
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND).
This study investigates the effects of carbon coated aluminum (Al@C) nanoparticles added to diesel-biodiesel blends as additives on engine performance and emissions. The Al@C nanoparticles are added into the diesel-biodieselfuel in the mass fractions of 30 ppm under ultrasonic mixing. The experimental tests are conductedusing a Cummins diesel engine. For comparison, three kinds of fuels including diesel-biodiesel blend (B10), B10with 4% ethanol (B10E4), and B10 with 4% ethanol and 30-ppm nanoparticles (B10E4N30) are used for the testsunder the European Stationary Cycle (ESC). The results show clearly that adding Al@C nanoparticles can reducebrake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) by 6% on average; along with a drop of 6% in NOX emission and COemission is reduced by 19%, comparing with B10. However, the presence of ethanol in fuel blend increases THCemission. Nevertheless, addition of Al@C nanoparticles reduces THC emission by 14.5% compared with B10E4.The emission of particles number (PN) is increased by 2.2 times for B10E4N30 on average but is reduced by11.8% for B10E4 (adding ethanol only) on the contrary, compared to B10. The studies on morphology and phasestructure of nanoparticles after combustion indicate that Al@C nanoparticles have been transformed into aluminananoparticles.
Author(s): Wu Q, Xie X, Wang Y, Roskilly AP
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Applied Energy
Print publication date: 01/07/2018
Online publication date: 17/04/2018
Acceptance date: 30/03/2018
Date deposited: 17/04/2018
ISSN (print): 0306-2619
ISSN (electronic): 0306-2619
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