Lookup NU author(s): Professor Konstantinos Stellos
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
BackgroundSurface expression of stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) on platelets is enhanced during ischaemic events and might play an important role in peripheral homing and myocardial repair. As SDF-1 effects are mediated through CXCR4/CXCR7, we investigated platelet expression of SDF-1/CXCR4/CXCR7 in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods and resultsExpression of SDF-1, CXCR4, and CXCR7 in platelets was investigated by western blot analysis, immunofluorescence confocal microscopy, and flow cytometry among healthy subjects and patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and stable CAD. In a cohort study, platelet surface expression of CXCR4, CXCR7, and SDF-1 was measured in 215 patients with symptomatic CAD (stable CAD = 112, ACS = 103) at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention. Course of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was followed up during intrahospital stay and at 3 months. Both CXCR4 and CXCR7 are surface expressed on human platelets and to a higher degree in CAD patients when compared with healthy controls. Platelet surface expression of CXCR7 but not CXCR4 was enhanced in patients with ACS when compared with patients with stable CAD (mean fluorescence intensity 17.8 vs. 15.3, P = 0.004 and 29.0 vs. 26.3, P = 0.122, respectively). CXCR4 and CXCR7 significantly correlated with their ligand SDF-1 on platelets (ρ = 0.273, P < 0.001 and ρ = 0.454, P < 0.001, respectively). Additionally, high CXCR7 expression above the median correlated with the absolute improvement of LVEF% after 5 days and 3 months (46.2, 49.8, 53.7; P = 0.003).ConclusionThese findings indicate that platelet surface expression of CXCR4 and CXCR7 might differentially contribute to SDF-1-mediated effects on regenerative mechanisms following ACS. Studies are warranted to further evaluate the regulatory mechanisms of CXCR4/-7 expression and its prognostic impact on CAD. © 2013 The Author.
Author(s): Rath D, Chatterjee M, Borst O, Muller K, Stellos K, MacK AF, Bongartz A, Bigalke B, Langer H, Schwab M, Gawaz M, Geisler T
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: European Heart Journal
Print publication date: 07/02/2014
Online publication date: 29/10/2013
Acceptance date: 28/08/2013
ISSN (print): 0195-668X
ISSN (electronic): 1522-9645
PubMed id: 24168792
Altmetrics provided by Altmetric