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How to Spot Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes Resembling the Lambert–Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome? A Brief Review of Clinical, Electrophysiological, and Genetics Features

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Paulo Lorenzoni, Professor Rita Horvath, Professor Hanns Lochmuller

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Abstract

© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are heterogeneous genetic diseases in which neuromuscular transmission is compromised. CMS resembling the Lambert–Eaton myasthenic syndrome (CMS–LEMS) are emerging as a rare group of distinct presynaptic CMS that share the same electrophysiological features. They have low compound muscular action potential amplitude that increment after brief exercise (facilitation) or high-frequency repetitive nerve stimulation. Although clinical signs similar to LEMS can be present, the main hallmark is the electrophysiological findings, which are identical to autoimmune LEMS. CMS–LEMS occurs due to deficits in acetylcholine vesicle release caused by dysfunction of different components in its pathway. To date, the genes that have been associated with CMS–LEMS are AGRN, SYT2, MUNC13-1, VAMP1, and LAMA5. Clinicians should keep in mind these newest subtypes of CMS–LEMS to achieve the correct diagnosis and therapy. We believe that CMS–LEMS must be included as an important diagnostic clue to genetic investigation in the diagnostic algorithms to CMS. We briefly review the main features of CMS–LEMS.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Lorenzoni PJ, Scola RH, Kay CSK, Werneck LC, Horvath R, Lochmuller H

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: NeuroMolecular Medicine

Year: 2018

Volume: 20

Issue: 2

Pages: 205-214

Print publication date: 01/06/2018

Online publication date: 25/04/2018

Acceptance date: 16/04/2018

ISSN (print): 1535-1084

ISSN (electronic): 1559-1174

Publisher: Humana Press Inc.

URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12017-018-8490-1

DOI: 10.1007/s12017-018-8490-1


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