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Predictors of quality of life for autistic adults

Lookup NU author(s): David Mason, Emerita Professor Helen McConachie, Deborah Garland, Dr Alexandra Petrou, Professor Jacqueline Rodgers, Professor Jeremy Parr

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


Abstract

© 2018 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Research with adults on the autism spectrum is as yet limited in scope and quality. The present study describes quality of life (QoL) of a large sample of autistic adults in the UK and investigates characteristics that may be predictive of QoL. A total of 370 autistic adults from the Adult Autism Spectrum Cohort-UK (ASC-UK) completed the WHOQoL-BREF, and the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS, autism symptom severity), along with the ASC-UK registration questionnaire giving information on mental health and their life situation. QoL for autistic adults was lower than for the general population for each WHOQoL domain. Younger participants reported higher QoL than older participants in psychological and environment domains. Males reported higher physical QoL than females, and females reported higher social QoL than males. Significant positive predictors of QoL were: being employed (physical QoL), receiving support (social and environment QoL), and being in a relationship (social QoL). Having a mental health condition and higher SRS total score were negative predictors of QoL across all four domains. Autistic adults require access to effective mental health interventions, and informal and formal support for their social difficulties, to improve their quality of life.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Mason D, McConachie H, Garland D, Petrou A, Rodgers J, Parr JR

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Autism Research

Year: 2018

Volume: 11

Issue: 8

Pages: 1138-1147

Print publication date: 01/08/2018

Online publication date: 07/05/2018

Acceptance date: 09/04/2018

Date deposited: 06/06/2018

ISSN (print): 1939-3792

ISSN (electronic): 1939-3806

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc.

URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.1965

DOI: 10.1002/aur.1965


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