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© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Hallucinations can occur in single or multiple sensory modalities. Historically, greater attention has been paid to single sensory modality experiences with a comparative neglect of hallucinations that occur across two or more sensory modalities (multi-modal hallucinations). With growing evidence suggesting that visual hallucinations may be experienced along with other hallucinations, this study aimed to explore multi-modal hallucinations in a sample of people with psychotic disorders who reported visual hallucinations (n = 22). No participants reported just visual hallucinations i.e. all reported related or unrelated auditory hallucinations. Twenty-one participants reported multi-modal hallucinations that were serial in nature, whereby they saw visual hallucinations and heard unrelated auditory hallucinations at other times. Nineteen people out of the twenty two also reported simultaneous multi-modal hallucinations, with the most common being an image that talked to and touched them. Multi-modal related and simultaneous hallucinations appeared to be associated with greater conviction that the experiences were real, and greater distress. Theoretical and clinical implications of multi-modal hallucinations are discussed.
Author(s): Dudley R, Aynsworth C, Cheetham R, McCarthy-Jones S, Collerton D
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Psychiatry Research
Print publication date: 01/11/2018
Online publication date: 13/08/2018
Acceptance date: 12/08/2018
ISSN (print): 0165-1781
ISSN (electronic): 1872-7123
Publisher: Elsevier Ireland Ltd
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