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Cloud-aided online EEG classification system for brain healthcare: A case study of depression evaluation with a lightweight CNN

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Tejal Shah, Dr Lei Zhang

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Abstract

© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Brain healthcare, when supported by Internet of Things, can perform online and accurate analysis of brain big data for the classification of multivariate Electroencephalogram (EEG), which is a prerequisite for the recent boom in neurofeedback applications and clinical practices. However, it remains a grand research challenge due to (1) the embedded intensive noises and the intrinsic nonstationarity determined by the evolution of brain states; and (2) the lack of a user-friendly computing platform to sustain the complicated analytics. This study presents the design of an online EEG classification system aided by Cloud centering on a lightweight Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). The system incrementally trains the CNN on Cloud and enables hot deployment of the trained classifier without the need to restart the gateway to adapt to the users' needs. The classifier maintains a High Convolutional Layer to gain the ability of processing high-dimensional EEG segments. The number of hidden layers is minimized to ensure the efficiency of training. The lightweight CNN adopts an “hourglass” block of fully connected layers to reduce the number of neurons quickly toward the output end. A case study of depression evaluation has been performed against raw EEG datasets to distinguish between (1) Healthy and Major Depression Disorder with an accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of [98.59% ± 0.28%], [97.77% ± 0.63%], and [99.51% ± 0.19%], respectively; and (2) Effective and Noneffective treatment outcome with an accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of [99.53% ± 0.002%], [99.50% ± 0.01%], and [99.58% ± 0.02%], respectively. The results show that the classification can be completed several magnitudes faster when EEG is collected on the gateway (several milliseconds vs. 4 seconds).


Publication metadata

Author(s): Ke H, Chen D, Shah T, Liu X, Zhang X, Zhang L, Li X

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Software - Practice and Experience

Year: 2018

Pages: Epub ahead of print

Online publication date: 22/11/2018

Acceptance date: 02/04/2018

ISSN (print): 0038-0644

ISSN (electronic): 1097-024X

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Ltd

URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/spe.2668

DOI: 10.1002/spe.2668


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