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One-step and scalable synthesis of Ni2P nanocrystals encapsulated in N,P-codoped hierarchically porous carbon matrix using a bipyridine and phosphonate linked nickel metal–organic framework as highly efficient electrocatalysts for overall water splitting

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Mark Thomas

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Abstract

© 2018 The development of highly active and durable noble-metal-free electrocatalysts for overall water splitting is a great challenge. Herein, a microdroplet flow reaction is used for ultrafast and continuous synthesis of a nickel metal–organic framework material with 4,4ʹ-bipyridine and phosphonate ligands. A one step pyrolysis of this metal–organic framework to various heat treatment temperatures and hold times at maximum temperature give a range of electrocatalysts, containing crystalline Ni2P nanoparticles dispersed in a porous carbonaceous matrix incorporating relatively high concentrations of both nitrogen and phosphorus derived from the original metal–organic framework. The Ni2P electrocatalysts inherite the morphology of the metal–organic framework precursor, have a uniform dispersion of Ni2P sites and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface areas in the range 558–754 m2 g−1. The Ni2P electrocatalysts exhibit excellent catalytic performance for both hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions in 1.0 M KOH and an electrolyzer using Ni2P electrocatalysts as both cathode and anode generates a current density of 10 mA cm−2 at a voltage of 1.62 V with superior durability. This facile and scalable synthesis strategy for the rational design of electrocatalysts represents a proof-of-concept with the potential for scale-up for use in practical applications.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Yan L, Jiang H, Wang Y, Li L, Gu X, Dai P, Liu D, Tang S-F, Zhao G, Zhao X, Thomas KM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Electrochimica Acta

Year: 2019

Volume: 297

Pages: 755-766

Print publication date: 20/02/2019

Online publication date: 08/12/2018

Acceptance date: 03/12/2018

ISSN (print): 0013-4686

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd

URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2018.12.020

DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2018.12.020


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