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Mitigating Respiratory Motion in Radiation Therapy: Rapid, Shallow, Non-invasive Mechanical Ventilation for Internal Thoracic Targets

Lookup NU author(s): Nick West, Dr Christopher Snowden, Chris Walker

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Abstract

© 2018Purpose: Reducing respiratory motion during the delivery of radiation therapy reduces the volume of healthy tissues irradiated and may decrease radiation-induced toxicity. The purpose of this study was to assess the potential for rapid shallow non-invasive mechanical ventilation to reduce internal anatomy motion for radiation therapy purposes. Methods and Materials: Ten healthy volunteers (mean age, 38 years; range, 22-54 years; 6 female and 4 male) were scanned using magnetic resonance imaging during normal breathing and at 2 ventilator-induced frequencies: 20 and 25 breaths per minute for 3 minutes. Sagittal and coronal cinematic data sets, centered over the right diaphragm, were used to measure internal motions across the lung–diaphragm interface. Repeated scans assessed reproducibility. Physiologic parameters and participant experiences were recorded to quantify tolerability and comfort. Results: Physiologic observations and experience questionnaires demonstrated that rapid shallow non-invasive ventilation technique was tolerable and comfortable. Motion analysis of the lung–diaphragm interface demonstrated respiratory amplitudes and variations reduced in all subjects using rapid shallow non-invasive ventilation compared with spontaneous breathing: mean amplitude reductions of 56% and 62% for 20 and 25 breaths per minute, respectively. The largest mean amplitude reductions were found in the posterior of the right lung; 40.0 mm during normal breathing to 15.5 mm (P <.005) and 15.2 mm (P <.005) when ventilated with 20 and 25 breaths per minute, respectively. Motion variations also reduced with ventilation; standard deviations in the posterior lung reduced from 14.8 mm during normal respiration to 4.6 mm and 3.5 mm at 20 and 25 breaths per minute, respectively. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this study is the first to measure internal anatomic motion using rapid shallow mechanical ventilation to regularize and minimize respiratory motion over a period long enough to image and to deliver radiation therapy. Rapid frequency and shallow, non-invasive ventilation both generate large reductions in internal thoracic and abdominal motions, the clinical application of which could be profound—enabling dose escalation (increasing treatment efficacy) or high-dose ablative radiation therapy.


Publication metadata

Author(s): West NS, Parkes MJ, Snowden C, Prentis J, McKenna J, Iqbal MS, Cashmore J, Walker C

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics

Year: 2019

Volume: 103

Issue: 4

Pages: 1004-1010

Print publication date: 15/03/2019

Online publication date: 26/11/2018

Acceptance date: 19/11/2018

ISSN (print): 0360-3016

ISSN (electronic): 1879-355X

Publisher: Elsevier

URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.11.040

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.11.040


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