Lookup NU author(s): Professor John Loughlin
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Bone area is one measure of bone size that is easily derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans. In a GWA study of DXA bone area of the hip and lumbar spine (N ≥ 28,954), we find thirteen independent association signals at twelve loci that replicate in samples of European and East Asian descent (N = 13,608 - 21,277). Eight DXA area loci associate with osteoarthritis, including rs143384 in GDF5 and a missense variant in COL11A1 (rs3753841). The strongest DXA area association is with rs11614913[T] in the microRNA MIR196A2 gene that associates with lumbar spine area (P = 2.3 × 10-42, β = -0.090) and confers risk of hip fracture (P = 1.0 × 10-8, OR = 1.11). We demonstrate that the risk allele is less efficient in repressing miR-196a-5p target genes. We also show that the DXA area measure contributes to the risk of hip fracture independent of bone density.
Author(s): Styrkarsdottir U, Stefansson OA, Gunnarsdottir K, Thorleifsson G, Lund SH, Stefansdottir L, Juliusson K, Agustsdottir AB, Zink F, Halldorsson GH, Ivarsdottir EV, Benonisdottir S, Jonsson H, Gylfason A, Norland K, Trajanoska K, Boer CG, Southam L, Leung JCS, Tang NLS, Kwok TCY, Lee JSW, Ho SC, Byrjalsen I, Center JR, Lee SH, Koh JM, Lohmander LS, Ho-Pham LT, Nguyen TV, Eisman JA, Woo J, Leung PC, Loughlin J, Zeggini E, Christiansen C, Rivadeneira F, van Meurs J, Uitterlinden AG, Mogensen B, Jonsson H, Ingvarsson T, Sigurdsson G, Benediktsson R, Sulem P, Jonsdottir I, Masson G, Holm H, Norddahl GL, Thorsteinsdottir U, Gudbjartsson DF, Stefansson K
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Nature Communications
Print publication date: 03/05/2019
Online publication date: 02/05/2019
Acceptance date: 01/05/2019
Date deposited: 07/05/2019
ISSN (electronic): 2041-1723
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
PubMed id: 31053729
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