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Graceful Performance Modulation for Power-Neutral Transient Computing Systems

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Domenico Balsamo

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Abstract

Transient computing systems do not have energy storage, and operate directly from energy harvesting. These systems are often faced with the inherent challenge of low-current or transient power supply. In this paper, we propose “power-neutral” operation, a new paradigm for such systems, whereby the instantaneous power consumption of the system must match the instantaneous harvested power. Power neutrality is achieved using a control algorithm for dynamic frequency scaling, modulating system performance gracefully in response to the incoming power. Detailed system model is used to determine design parameters for selecting the system voltage thresholds where the operating frequency will be raised or lowered, or the system will be hibernated. The proposed control algorithm for power-neutral operation is experimentally validated using a microcontroller incorporating voltage threshold-based interrupts for frequency scaling. The microcontroller is powered directly from real energy harvesters; results demonstrate that a power-neutral system sustains operation for 4%-88% longer with up to 21% speedup in application execution.10.1109/TCAD.2016.2527713


Publication metadata

Author(s): Balsamo D, Das A, Weddell AS, Brunelli D, Al-Hashimi BM, Merrett GV, Benini L

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems

Year: 2016

Volume: 35

Issue: 5

Pages: 738-749

Print publication date: 01/05/2016

Online publication date: 11/02/2016

Acceptance date: 15/01/2016

ISSN (print): 0278-0070

ISSN (electronic): 1937-4151

Publisher: IEEE

URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/TCAD.2016.2527713

DOI: 10.1109/TCAD.2016.2527713


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