Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Gibbs free energies of formation of PCDDs: Evaluation of estimation methods and application for predicting dehalogenation pathways

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jan Dolfing

Downloads

Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Abstract

Gibbs free energies of formation for the ideal gas, liquid phase, and species in solution were estimated for 75 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) at 298.15 K and 100,000 Pa. These values were used to calculate standard redox potentials, with H-2 as the electron donor: Owing to the lack of experimental thermodynamic data for the involved chemical species, the standard-state ideal gas enthalpies of formation were evaluated by several semiempirical methods including the Modified Neglect of Diatomic Differential Overlap (MNDO), Austin Model 1 (AM1), and MNDO-Parametric Method 3 (PM3). Three different implementations of Benson's group additivity method for estimation of ideal gas enthalpies of formation were also evaluated. As a result of the evaluation, the CHETAH program based on Benson's group additive method was chosen for ideal gas enthalpy of formation calculations. Entropies, vapor pressure, and aqueous solubility were calculated by existing methods in order to complete the thermodynamic cycle. Calculated redox potentials indicate that chlorodioxins, including 2,3,7.8-tetrachlorodioxin, can serve as electron accepters in anaerobic environments. at least from a thermodynamic perspective.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Huang CL, Harrison BK, Madura J, Dolfing J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Year: 1996

Volume: 15

Issue: 6

Pages: 824-836

Print publication date: 01/06/1996

ISSN (print): 0730-7268

ISSN (electronic): 1552-8618

Publisher: Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Notes: Times Cited: 21 Cited Reference Count: 47 English Article ENVIRON TOXICOL CHEM UP251


Actions

Find at Newcastle University icon    Link to this publication


Share