Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jan Dolfing
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Gibbs free energies of formation for the ideal gas, liquid phase, and species in solution were estimated for 75 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) at 298.15 K and 100,000 Pa. These values were used to calculate standard redox potentials, with H-2 as the electron donor: Owing to the lack of experimental thermodynamic data for the involved chemical species, the standard-state ideal gas enthalpies of formation were evaluated by several semiempirical methods including the Modified Neglect of Diatomic Differential Overlap (MNDO), Austin Model 1 (AM1), and MNDO-Parametric Method 3 (PM3). Three different implementations of Benson's group additivity method for estimation of ideal gas enthalpies of formation were also evaluated. As a result of the evaluation, the CHETAH program based on Benson's group additive method was chosen for ideal gas enthalpy of formation calculations. Entropies, vapor pressure, and aqueous solubility were calculated by existing methods in order to complete the thermodynamic cycle. Calculated redox potentials indicate that chlorodioxins, including 2,3,7.8-tetrachlorodioxin, can serve as electron accepters in anaerobic environments. at least from a thermodynamic perspective.
Author(s): Huang CL, Harrison BK, Madura J, Dolfing J
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Print publication date: 01/06/1996
ISSN (print): 0730-7268
ISSN (electronic): 1552-8618
Publisher: Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Notes: Times Cited: 21
Cited Reference Count: 47
ENVIRON TOXICOL CHEM