Lookup NU author(s): Dr Katherine Johnson,
Dr Ana Topf,
Professor Volker Straub
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
© 2019, The Author(s).LGMD2L is a subtype of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD), caused by recessive mutations in ANO5, encoding anoctamin-5 (ANO5). We present the analysis of five patients with skeletal muscle weakness for whom heterozygous mutations within ANO5 were identified by whole exome sequencing (WES). Patients varied in the age of the disease onset (from 22 to 38 years) and severity of the morphological and clinical phenotypes. Out of the nine detected mutations one was novel (missense p.Lys132Met, accompanied by p.His841Asp) and one was not yet characterized in the literature (nonsense, p.Trp401Ter, accompanied by p.Asp81Gly). The p.Asp81Gly mutation was also identified in another patient carrying a p.Arg758Cys mutation as well. Also, a c.191dupA frameshift (p.Asn64LysfsTer15), the first described and common mutation was identified. Mutations were predicted by in silico tools to have damaging effects and are likely pathogenic according to criteria of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG). Indeed, molecular modeling of mutations revealed substantial changes in ANO5 conformation that could affect the protein structure and function. In addition, variants in other genes associated with muscle pathology were identified, possibly affecting the disease progress. The presented data indicate that the identified ANO5 mutations contribute to the observed muscle pathology and broaden the genetic spectrum of LGMD myopathies.
Author(s): Jarmula A, Lusakowska A, Fichna JP, Topolewska M, Macias A, Johnson K, Topf A, Straub V, Rosiak E, Szczepaniak K, Dunin-Horkawicz S, Maruszak A, Kaminska AM, Redowicz MJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Scientific Reports
Online publication date: 08/08/2019
Acceptance date: 25/07/2019
Date deposited: 28/08/2019
ISSN (electronic): 2045-2322
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
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