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Effects of octane on the fatty acid composition and transition temperature of Pseudomonas-oleovorans membrane lipids during growth in two-liquid-phase continuous cultures

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Jan Dolfing

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Abstract

Growth of Pseudomonas oleovorans GPol in continuous culture containing a bulk n-octane phase resulted in changes of the fatty acid composition of the membrane lipids. Compared to citrate-grown cells, the ratio of C-18 to C-16 fatty acids and the ratio of unsaturated to saturated fatty acids increased as a result of growth on octane. Trans-unsaturated fatty acids, which are rarely found in bacteria, were formed during continuous growth of P. oleovorans on octane. Moreover, the mean acyl chain length and unsaturated fatty acids also increased as the growth rates increased both in octane-grown and citrate-grown cells. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements of extracted lipids showed the transition temperature of membrane lipids from octane-grown cells increased from about 24 degrees C to 32 degrees C as the growth rate increased, whereas cells grown on citrate showed a constant transition temperature of about 6 degrees C at all growth rates tested indicating a decrease of membrane lipid fluidity in octane-grown cells. Because alkanes are known to increase bilayer fluidity by intercalating between lipid fatty acyl chains, the increased transition temperature of the lipids of cells grown on octane may be a physiological response of P. oleovorans to compensate for the direct effects of octane on its cellular membranes.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Chen Q, Nijenhuis A, Preusting H, Dolfing J, Janssen DB, Witholt B

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology

Year: 1995

Volume: 17

Issue: 7

Pages: 647-652

Print publication date: 01/07/1995

ISSN (print): 0141-0229

Publisher: Elsevier

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0141-0229(94)00106-2

DOI: 10.1016/0141-0229(94)00106-2

Notes: Times Cited: 16 Cited Reference Count: 26 English Article ENZYME MICROB TECHNOL RF672


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