Lookup NU author(s): Dr Marina Garcia Macia
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
Sexual dimorphism has been reported in many processes. However, sexual bias in favour of the use of males is very present in science. One of the main reasons is that the impact of hormones in diverse pathways and processes such as autophagy have not been properly addressed in vivo. The Harderian gland is a perfect model to study autophagic modulation as it exhibits important changes during the oestrous cycle. The aim of this study is to identify the main processes behind Harderian gland differences under oestrous cycle and their modulator. In the present study we show that redox-sensitive transcription factors have an essential role: NF-κB may activate SQSTM1/p62 in oestrus, promoting selective types of autophagy: mitophagy and lipophagy. Nrf2 activation in dioestrus, leads the retrieval phase and restoration of mitochondrial homeostasis. Melatonin's receptors show higher expression in dioestrus, leading to decreases in pro-inflammatory mediators and enhanced Nrf2 expression. Consequently, autophagy is blocked, and porphyrin release is reduced. All these results point to melatonin as one of the main modulators of the changes in autophagy during the oestrous cycle.
Author(s): Garcia-Macia M, Santos-Ledo A, Caballero B, Rubio-Gonzalez A, de Luxan-Delgado B, Potes Y, Rodriguez-Gonzalez SM, Boga JA, Coto-Montes A
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Scientific Reports
Online publication date: 09/12/2019
Acceptance date: 07/11/2019
Date deposited: 15/01/2020
ISSN (electronic): 2045-2322
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
PubMed id: 31819084
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